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The Psychology and Neuroscience of Alien Abduction

The Psychology and Neuroscience of Alien Abduction

If the figures are to be believed, up to 4 million people have been abducted by aliens in the US, with many millions more captured world wide. Although the existence of human hungry aliens might be impossible to disprove per se, it is unlikely that extra-terrestrials could manage such mass kidnappings without being commonly noticed. This suggests that there are many people who falsely believe they have been seized by creatures from outer-space, perhaps after experiencing unusual and bizarre phenomena. The purpose of this article is to communicate some of the recent research in psychology and neuroscience that gives us some clues as to how and why these experiences and beliefs occur.

Some of the many thousands of people who claim to have been abducted are likely to be fortune seekers, bar-room braggers, publicity hounds and maybe even some genuine abductees. Yet with the high numbers of people reporting abductions, many of the people who believe they have been captured will likely have been mistaken.

 

Sleep paralysis

Awareness during sleep paralysis is a common explanation for this confusion, most probably as abduction experiences and conscious sleep paralysis attacks often share many of the same features, such as waking whilst unable to move, feelings of fear, dread or unease and a feeling of pressure on the body. Normal sleep paralysis happens when the body enters the REM stage of the sleep cycle. The brain stem blocks movement signals that would normally travel from the brain to the muscles, probably to stop us carrying out the movements we dream about doing. The frightening aspect of this occurs when a sleeper awakens, becomes conscious, but who’s movement control is not reinstated by the brain. This state can also be accompanied by what are known as ‘hypnopompic’ hallucinations which occur naturally to many people whilst awakening. These hallucinations can take the form of voices, lights, figures or any number of strange bodily sensations. It is little wonder that when combined with fearful paralysis such uncanny experiences might be interpreted as alien in origin.

 

Temporal lobe disturbance

Another commonly cited source of internal spookiness are the temporal lobes of the brain. Electrical stimulation of the surface of the temporal lobes (usually done on an awake patient when they are undergoing brain surgery) can produce unusual auditory sensations. Similarly, Michael Persinger, a Canadian scientist, has produced strange sensations in his research participants by using magnets to influence temporal lobe function from outside the skull. Such sensations have included feelings of a ‘presence’, disorientation and fear. It would seem unlikely that a possible abductee would fail to notice if someone placed large magnets near his or her head (or even that they were subject to brain surgery !) before the ‘abduction’ experience. However, similar effects can be caused by epileptic or similar seizures in the temporal lobes. Many epilepsy sufferers who have temporal lobe seizures report mystical experiences, missing time, out of body feelings or even strange smells or ‘atmospheres’ prior to, during or after a seizure. It must be remembered that not all forms of epilepsy cause dramatic shaking of the body, and many simply result in brief lapses of consciousness or experiences such as those noted above. This leads us to wonder whether disturbances in the temporal lobes may also contribute to experiences which some people may interpret as an alien abduction.

 

Mental illness

Surprisingly, overt mental illness may be one of the least likely explanations for abduction experiences. Research has previously suggested that alien contactees are no more likely to show signs of mental illness than the general population, a finding which has been backed up by several other studies. However, many features once thought present only in mental illness have now been discovered to be held by much of the population. If we look at the healthy population as a whole, these features seem to exist on a continuum with some people reporting anomalous thoughts and feelings or having certain traits more than others. In this vein, it seems people who report themselves as abductees are more likely to endorse unusual experiences, be creative and imaginative, have depressive ideas, be suspicious, have dissociative tendencies and to have suffered childhood trauma. So whilst it seems unlikely that the bizarre experiences reported by most ‘abductees’ stem from severe mental illness (which can produce equally bizarre and seemingly real experiences) it is certainly the case that this group has characteristics that differentiate them from the general population. It is possible that these dispositions may increase the tendency for them to explain an anomalous experience in terms of alien contact.

 

Memory distortion

Our memories are often infuriatingly fallible, leading us to forget information we want to remember, remember information we’d rather forget, or often confidently recall something that later turns out to be inaccurate. A recent study has investigated memory distortions in people claiming to have been subject to alien capture. Participants in the study were read several lists of similarly themed words then given tests of recall and recognition. The results of the study indicated that ‘abductees’ were able to remember words from the original list as well as ‘non-abductees’, but tended to show a higher rate of recall and recognition for words that were never actually read out in the first place. This suggests that the ‘abductees’ are more likely to misidentify the source of memories, perhaps suggesting that some elements of their abduction experience may have been culled from other sources such as the media or their own imagination.

This effect may also work retrospectively, allowing people to co-opt previous memories to support an abduction account. An early memory study conducted by Frederic Bartlett demonstrated that we reconstruct memories as they are recalled to create a coherent story. This reconstruction takes place using cultural references that give us a frame on which to hang the various remembered experiences. The alien abduction experience is well known to almost everyone, due to the popularity of shows such as the X-Files, and famous cases which have hit the headlines. This may give some people a cultural framework on which they can hang memories from a bizarre, unusual or traumatic experience. Unfortunately it is even the case that naïve or even unscrupulous therapists may push alien abduction as a explanation for a bizarre experience that a client may have undergone. Many examples of therapists willing to use hypnotic regression, a technique noted for its tendency to cause false recall, to recover abduction experiences can be found on the internet. Perhaps giving an off-the-shelf explanation for strange experiences that the brain is quite capable of generating, without the need for extra-terrestrial intervention.

 

Conclusion

It would certainly be foolish to discount the possibility of anything unlikely, simply because of its improbability. Yet we must also remember that we can often find explanations for anomalous experience within ourselves. As the old doctor’s adage goes ‘When you hear hoof beats, start by thinking horses not zebras’. This would seem to work as well for zebras as it does for visitors from outer-space.

 

Further Reading

This article is largely a summary of two recent scientific papers, both of which are well worth reading if you require further information, detailed references or simply enjoy interesting science.

Holden, K.J. & French, C.C. (2002) Alien abduction experiences: Some clues from neuropsychology and neuropsychiatry. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 7 (3),163-178
Click here for a summary.

Clancy, S.A., McNally, R.J., Schacter, D.L., Lenzenweger, M.F. & Pitman, R.K. (2002) Memory distortion in people reporting abduction by aliens. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111 (3), 455-461
Click here for a summary.

 

Source www.kuro5hin.org

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13 Comments on "The Psychology and Neuroscience of Alien Abduction"

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Rebecca
Guest

I have been abducted by two different Aliens the gray and the reptilian . They do not take my body they take me out of my body. This has been going one now for 13 year that I know of.

Kelly
Guest

Rebecca,
I have been abducted by them as well out of body for all of my life. 47 years. I have also had numerous etheric implants removed over the last few months. I still have some that haven’t been spotted yet but I can feel them. I have not found where many people are addressing the etheric abduction situation. I knew nothing of this until 3 1/2 years ago and found out what was really happening in the last year.

Guest

This article explains sleep paralysis, but I’m still not convinced. It has only occurred twice to me and it doesn’t seem like a natural psychological thing. http://www.csicop.org/si/show/abduction_by_aliens_or_sleep_paralysis

Guest

My experience wasn’t brutal, have no memory of abduction / implantation but can assume that possibility. April – May 1978 was beyond interesting for me.

Guest

Sorry your experience was so brutal. I see you live in Colorado. I was born in Denver.

Guest

I was just relating as to having a knowledge of paralysis. Now,what you have said here, sounds familiar with some conversations I was in on.

Guest

There is a big difference between dreams and all this bright light and paralyzed feeling. As a child I had a dream 2 times of being surrounded by alien greys holding hands around me in a circle and telling me that they would be with me, but the dream felt weird… almost real. I was in a low metallic tubular room with windows up high. Never forgot those dreams or events and the paralyzed feeling.

Guest

I broke my neck and was paralyzed from the neck down for 3 days so I know about being paralyzed. Sleep paralysis is a reality that an advanced beings could use to their ” advantage ” with their knowledge of the human species.

Guest

Hey you dodo you buggered off and left me, come back the farmers come looking for his cows.

Guest

Nice ! thanks

Guest
I am open for discussion of this anytime. I havent been hypnotized ( tried 3 no luck). It could possibly fill in the ” missing time ” so I don’t know what type of EBE’s abducted me or any conscious memory of this. With the similarities of 7 of the 17 ALIEN 👽 implants removed in surgeries supervised by Dr. Roger LeIr and the last surgery he was in on being basically identical to mine I presumed that this patient encountered the same extraterrestrial beings. I talked to this patient shortly after their surgery and regression. After I asked him… Read more »
veronica
Guest

ive experienced paralysis for 46yrs…many of em…each 1 is different…my 1st 1 at 14yrs old was wild…I was wide awake……….still scares the shit outta me…….tried bein hypnotized 2 times with no avail………as a matter of fact im gonna have 1 tonite…this whole day has been strange 🙂

Guest

Yup :/

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