Researchers have discovered in Peru a complex underground world belonging to the ancient Chavín culture, which has been identified as burial chambers that date back thousands of years.
The culture developed in the northern Andean highlands from 1,300 and 550 BC. El Chavín also extended its influence to other civilizations along the coast.
The ancient Chavin civilization developed advanced knowledge not only in metallurgy, but also in welding and temperature control. The old Chavin used the first techniques to develop a refined work of gold.
Researchers have discovered galleries, ceramics and even a place where this civilization carried out burials, located below the surface. They say it is the most important archaeological discovery made in the last 50 years.
Since June 2018, a team of archaeologists has unearthed three new galleries in an area adjacent to the circular plaza of Chavín. In the place, they have found remarkable pieces of ceramics, utensils and intact human burials.
According to American anthropologist and archaeologist John Rick, in charge of the Archaeological and Conservation Research Program of Chavín, the three discovered galleries come from the late period of this civilization that developed between 1,300 and 550 BC.
“What these galleries show is that Chavin has a much larger underground world than we think,” said Rick. Within one of these underground galleries, archaeologists discovered artifacts that belonged to Huaraz’s later culture.
These successive occupations, found at different levels in the archaeological complex, demonstrate the cultural and religious importance that Chavin had in the central highlands for centuries.
The project specialists used small robots with built-in microcameras to carry out the explorations. These machines, designed in situ by engineers from Stanford University, entered very small areas and discovered cavities in the labyrinths of Chavin, where pottery was preserved.
Chavin de Huantar was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. So far, 35 underground passageways interconnected at the site have been found, said the Ministry of Culture of Peru.
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